Babylon #2, 2015. Bindi Cole Chocka – Pigment print on rag paper, 40 x 26cm. Edition of 8.


The Board of Directors of Indigenous Art Code Limited is the body with the authority to deal with complaints and issue sanctions under the Code.

The Board will:

  • implement and oversee the application of the Code;
  • maintain an online register of Company Members;
  • investigate complaints that a signatory has breached the Code; and
  • issue sanctions for non-compliance by Code signatories.

Board Structure

The structure of the Board allows for:

  • up to 4 commercial dealers who are Code Members and are elected by Code Members;
  • up to 3 Indigenous artists who are appointed by the Board;
  • up to 2 artists resource organisation representatives who are appointed by the Board; and
  • up to 8 representatives with legal, arts, business or consumer knowledge and experience who are appointed by the Board.

The structure of the Board was developed in consultation with the Industry Alliance Group which was formed to provide guidance on the development of the Code and has been designed to achieve participation across the breadth of the Indigenous visual arts industry.

To ensure all major Code member groups are represented, the four elected dealer positions include:

  • 1 Member who is also a member of the Art Galleries Association of Australia (formerly Australian Commercial Galleries Association (ACGA);
  • 1 Member who is also a member of the Aboriginal Art Association of Australia (formerly the Australian Indigenous Art Trade Association (Art Trade));
  • 1 Member who represents an Indigenous Art Centre; and
  • 1 Member who is a non-affiliated dealer.

The current Board of Indigenous Art Code Limited

Elected Dealer Directors

Vivien Anderson

Director, Vivien Anderson Gallery

Vivien has over 30 years experience in Australian Indigenous art.  After returning from a career in London as a film producer, she became Manager of the Aboriginal Artists Gallery in Melbourne.  Vivien went on to manage and direct several acclaimed contemporary galleries in both Melbourne and Sydney, all with a strong emphasis in Australian Indigenous visual artists. Vivien has directed her own specialist gallery in Melbourne since 2006; the current gallery is in St Kilda.

Sabine Haider

Director, Central Art Gallery

Sabine has been involved in the Indigenous art industry for over 25 years.  Her Alice Springs gallery works closely with independent artists and art centres throughout Australia.  She has extensive experience with many aspects of the market from collectable fine art to affordable art, artefacts and licensed merchandise.  Sabine is a recognised photographer and has been commissioned for major corporate and media projects.  She has a personal interest in Aboriginal advocacy, women’s issues and support.

Paul Johnstone

Director, Paul Johnstone Gallery

Paul has qualifications in Museum Studies, is a member of the Auctioneers and Valuers Association of Australia and is approved to value for the Australian Government’s Cultural Gifts Program.  He is co-presenter of the Salon Des Refuses at the annual NATSIAA Awards.  Part of the 2007 Senate Report ‘Indigenous Art – Securing the Future’, he is a passionate advocate for the economic, social and cultural benefits that transparent and ethical practices bring to artists, buyers and communities.

Amy Mukherjee

Manager, Martumili Artists

Appointed Positions

Kathleen Buzzacott


Kathleen is a successful lndigenous entrepreneur, artist, designer and poet.  She began working as a painter alongside her sister in 1993, sharing their childhood stories through their intricate Central Desert Dot paintings.  She has painted for many of the art galleries in Alice Springs and also provides her artworks to Aboriginal Art Gallery in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

ln 2014, Kathleen opened her own art studio on her husband’s Traditional Lands west of Alice Springs, where she continues to operate, sharing art and culture with tourists that visit from all over the world.  Kathleen also has successful licensing agreements with three companies that manufacture products featuring her designs.  Her artworks can also been seen on AAT Kings Buses in Central Australia, and around Lasseter’s Hotel Casino.  Kathleen is very passionate about informing Aboriginal Artists that they have rights.  This includes getting fair treatment and right payment for their work.

Banduk Marika 


Banduk Mamburra Wananamba Marika comes from a celebrated family and has long been outspoken on issues affecting her culture. In 1994 she was part of a Federal Court action that awarded eight Aboriginal artists $185,000 damages for appropriation of their work. She has acted on museum Boards and is one of the outstanding proponents of Indigenous printmaking. In 2002 she was awarded the Red Ochre Award, which recognised her as one of Australia’s most important Indigenous artists

Artists Resource Organisations

Pam Bigelow

Manager, Indigenous Art Centre Alliance (IACA)

Pam has worked with Indigenous communities for over 25 years in a wide variety of roles for both government and community organisations, including Indigenous Lead Centre, Wet Tropics Natural and Cultural Heritage Interpretation, Natural and Cultural Heritage Interpretation and the Conservation Commission of the NT.  Pam’s current role promotes and supports culturally strong best practice Indigenous Art Enterprises across Far North Queensland and the Torres Strait Islands.

Christina Davidson

CEO, Association of Northern, Kimberley and Arnhem Aboriginal Artists (ANKAAA)

Christina is CEO of the Association of Northern Kimberly and Arnhem Aboriginal Artists, the peak advocacy and support agency for over 5,000 Indigenous artists and 49 Aboriginal-owned art centres and artist groups in a region of northern Australian, which covers over a million square kilometres.  Before joining ANKAAA, Christina lectured in contemporary art and art theory at universities in Sydney and Melbourne.  Christina is also a Board Member of the Darwin Aboriginal Art Fair.

Legal, Arts, Business and Consumer Expertise

Stephanie Parkin

Chair, Indigenous Art Code

Stephanie is from the Quandamooka People of North Stradbroke Island, also known as ‘Minjerribah’. Stephanie graduated from the Queensland University of Technology in 2011 with a Bachelor of Law and Justice and then worked in private practice as an intellectual property and general commercial lawyer from 2012 to 2017.  Currently, Stephanie is undertaking a Masters’ of Philosophy and researching the manufacture and sale of fake Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art and products in the souvenir market.  Stephanie also works part time for the Copyright Agency where she is employed as the Indigenous Engagement Manager.

Richard England, FCA, MAICD.

Chartered Accountant and Non Executive Director

Richard is a chartered accountant and non executive director.  His current board appointments include Chairman of Qantm Intellectual Property Limited and a director of Japara Healthcare Limited, Macquarie Atlas Roads Limited and Nanosonics Limited.  He is a former partner in Ernst and Young where he specialised in insolvency and debt reconstruction.  He has expertise in corporate governance and broad experience in business across a number of sectors including agriculture, healthcare and infrastructure.  He has a passionate interest in Indigenous affairs and is a keen collector of Australian Indigenous art.

Skip Lipman

Principal and Founder, Lipman Karas

Skip is a partner of Lipman Karas Barristers & Solicitors.  Lipman Karas has litigation offices in Adelaide, Hong Kong and London.  Skip’s areas of expertise include professional negligence, trade practices, corporate governance, shareholder and takeover disputes, fraud and asset tracing, insolvency, obtaining equitable remedies and the conduct and management of major project litigation and inquiries.

Skip has been a Director of the International College of Hotel Management since 1992.  He was previously a director of both MDASA and Medical Insurance Australia.

Marie Jackson 

Executive & non-executive director, Solterbeck

Marie has rich experience in the communications, tourism, travel and events industries, and a lifelong interest in art and design.  Having run major advertising agencies, and been a member of their local, regional and worldwide boards, she is currently an Executive Director of Solterbeck and a Trustee of Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Trust.

Philip Watkins 

CEO, Desart

Philip was born in Alice Springs and is part of the extended Arrernte and Larrakia families.  Since 2011, he has been CEO of Desart, the peak body that advocates for the independence of remote Aboriginal art centres in Central Australia.  Before this, Philip was Artistic and Cultural Director of the National Aboriginal Cultural Institute and spent many years representing the Central Land Council.  Philip is a Fellow of the Governor’s Leadership Foundation and a Board Member of the Darwin Aboriginal Art Fair.